Author Archives

Stephen Basdeo

Stephen Basdeo is a historian and writer based in Leeds, UK.

The Sacking of the City (1825) | Victor Hugo

The following poem was written by Victor Hugo in 1825 and translated by John Sullivan. It has been transcribed by Stephen Basdeo.

Napoleon (1838) | Victor Hugo

The following poem, celebrating the life and deeds of Napoleon, was first written by Victor Hugo in the 1830s. It was later translated for the Monthly Magazine, probably by G.W.M. Reynolds, who had previously translated several of Hugo’s works.